Commuting Copenhagen to Lund

There are several ways to travel from Copenhagen to Lund and back. The prices of which depend on how fast you want to travel and what time of day your travel times are. The fastest is by rail and, depending on the the traffic, the slowest is by bus (or by foot, if you dare!). In the past, travel to Sweden could start from anywhere in Copenhagen, but due to the recent security measures that the Swedish government has put in place, there are passport controls at the Copenhagen Airport and at the Helsingør ferry terminal. This means that if you bought a rail ticket from Copenhagen Central Station to Lund, you will have go down at the Copenhagen Airport, transfer across the platform, have you documents checked by Danish immigration officials and then board the train to Sweden. Swedish immigration officials will board the train at the first stop after the Øresund Bridge to check travel documents.

NB: If you’re traveling around the Sound (and not just Copenhagen to Lund and back), it might be worthwhile to look at the Sound Card. It gives you 48 hours of transportation access for just 249 DKK. This is totally worth it if, for example, you’re thinking of going from Copenhagen to Lund to Helsingborg to Helsingør to Copenhagen. The only catch is you can either go clockwise or counter-clockwise using the Sound Card. You cannot backtrack. You can also cross from Denmark to Sweden by taking the ferry from Helsingør to Helsingborg. 


The fastest and most common way of traveling from Copenhagen to Lund and back is by rail. Rail takes around 50 minutes to an hour of travel. Tickets can be purchased on the train station (I’ve purchased tickets at the Østerport Station, Copenhagen Central Station and Copenhagen Airport) or online (check out SJ TrainsRejseplanenScandinavian Rail, ACP Rail, or Go Euro) for 15 – 20 EUR each way.

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Making sense of your online ticket, if you don’t speak Swedish


CPH – Malmo ticket bought at Østerport Station in 2015


Several buses travel from Copenhagen to Sweden and back. Wizz Air has a transfer shuttle that goes from Copenhagen to Mälmo and back for 40EUR. Check My Bus provides comparison bus prices from Copenhagen to Lund, and if you’re lucky, you’ll find one that is 5EUR cheaper each way than by rail. Travel by bus takes around an hour and 20 minutes, longer if the buses stops by Mälmo or some other city/town on the way to Lund.


Of course, there’s always the possibility of renting a car and driving all the way to Lund or carpooling. For the former, you might want to check out Drive Now or LetsGo if you don’t want to pay massively for insurance and if you’re thinking of using the car for just a few hours. For the latter, there’s Carpool World and Ride Finder.

I hope this has been helpful! 🙂

May 14, 2017 | Copenhagen, Denmark

Murano Glass

I am not a Murano glass expert. I’ve only been on the island once, for 3 hours; and I’ve spent half the day today going around Canaregio, looking glass wares with claims that they have been created in the island of Murano. There’s a difference – easily recognizable – between a glass product created in Murano by virtuoso Murano artists and a glass product created by copycats. A glass product created in Murano has the stamp “Murano Glass”. Going further, a glass product created in Murano by virtuoso Murano artists has a “Vetro Artistico Murano” sticker on it.


A “Vetro Artistico Murano” sticker on a wine stopper purchased on Murano

“Vetro Artistico Murano” is a Murano trademark and certifies that a product has been made on the island of Murano using traditional artistic methods born and developed over a thousand years in the island of Murano. It is a proof of origin provided by the Veneto Region in compliance with the law 70, passed on December 1994.

The second identifiable difference is the quality and design of the product. The more cliché and gaudy-looking a product is, the less the probability that is created by a virtuoso Murano artist. Take for example these wine bottle covers that we bought. One is certified “Vetro Artistico Murano” while the other was just created in Murano. Both we bought on the island of Murano. The one created by a virtuoso artist cost 3 EURs more than the one that isn’t. Before putting your mouse over the photos below, can you identify which is which?

Notice that the design on the left is something you see everywhere. This Murano glass was not created by a certified Murano glass artist. The design is common and one you would probably find in a mall outside Italy. Nevertheless, my eyes are drawn to it. I liked it so I bought it. I knew though, when I bought it, that it may have not been made using traditional Murano glass techniques. And that is fine.

So, let me leave you with this. Just because something is cheap(er) does not mean it is worth the buy, especially if you’re particular with handiwork, design and quality. Choose well! Not everything that glitters is gold. But just because something isn’t certified, does not mean it’s not worth the buy either. Buy what makes you happy, it’s yours anyways. 😉

April 05, 2017 | Venice, Italy

Venezia Island Hopping

Today was an exhausting day of island hopping in Venice; but I would not trade it for any other Venetian activity. We started of visiting St. Mark’s Square and waiting in line to enter St. Mark’s Basilica. It was worth the wait. The entire ceiling of the church was covered by golden mosaics. It was so beautiful that, unless you make a point to look for it, you’ll totally miss the understated tomb of St. Mark (yes, Mark from the Gospel of Mark in the Bible). I know I did. And I nearly left the basilica without seeing it, if not for my husband’s presence of mind. We asked one of the guards, and he pointed us to where we already have been!




Entrance to St. Mark’s Square


Façade of St. Mark’s Basilica


Golden frescos inside St. Mark’s Basilica


Tomb of St. Mark

After St. Mark’s Square, we took the vaporetto to Murano, had a panini and toast, and then walked around town to look for a interesting Murano glass creations that we could bring back to Copenhagen with us. And find them, we did. Beautiful glass creations that I’m saving for when I finally have my own place to decorate.


Murano!!! 🙂


My lunch: toast!


Taking a gelato break on the island of Murano

From Murano, we took another vaporetto to Burano, the island famous for its laces. But the laces are not the only thing that’s interesting about the island. Burano is the most picturesque Venetian island I have ever been to. The colored houses are amazing. I could stay at them, standing on the slides of the canal, and never get tired.


The colorful houses is a dead give away that you are on Burano


Color blocking on Burano :p


More colorful houses!

Now, back at our apartment. We’re making ourselves spaghetti with a sauce we bought from Conrad. We’re matching it with Chardonnay from Cantine Azienda Agricole. It comes highly recommended by us.


Back on island of Cannaregio, where we’re staying for the night 🙂

Indeed, my legs are aching, and I feel I’m about to have cramps. But I wouldn’t trade this day for any other Venetian day. I thoroughly enjoyed myself.

April 04, 2017 | Venice, Italy

Un-Confusing Rome and Vatican City

If, like me, you have tried DIY-ing your trip to Rome and Vatican City, you will have discovered how utterly confusing everything is, not because of language (Google Translate!) or of unavailability of information (there is, in fact, too much online!), but because of this overwhelming feeling that there is not enough time to sort through everything – opening hours, skip-the-line, best times to visit, sunsets, sunrises (I spent 2 weeks planning Rome!). Not only are there so many things to see and do, there are also so many different (and not-so-different) tour packages to choose from.  My advice? If you don’t want to wade through the mess and you have the money to spare, book a tour and get it over and done with. Lots to choose from. Pick one. With a booked tour, you won’t need to bother with individuals marketing their tours to you (before and during your visit!). When you see the LONG, LONG lines, you will feel justified spending 25 – 40 EUR for a tour. If this is your choice of a Roman vacation, you’re good to go and this blog ends here. 😉 BUT – major BUT – if, like me, you don’t want to break the bank and end up spending 200 EUR in 2 days just for tours, then read on.

Tour packages (also known as third-party skip-the-line tickets) are usually relatively quite expensive (relative to buying the ticket from the source). An admission ticket to the Vatican Museum, for example, costs 16 EUR (+4 EUR online sales fee). But if you book it through a skip-the-line tour company, you’ll end up paying 26 – 30 EUR (+4 EUR online sales fee) for the exact same thing! So, why don’t people just buy directly from the source, i.e. online from the Vatican Museum? Because it’s confusing! And the source is usually not the first thing that appears when you do a Google search! Below are some tips for saving $$$ and making the most out of your Rome and Vatican City trip.



If you have international roaming mobile phone data and Google Maps, you won’t have trouble finding your way in Rome and Vatican City. Public transportation tickets can be bought from kiosks near train stations and these tickets can be used for metros, trams, and busses. You can buy a one-way ticket (1.50 EUR), a 24-hour ticket (7.00 EUR), a 48-hour ticket (12.00 EUR) , a 72-hour ticket (18.00 EUR), a weekly ticket (24.00 EUR) or a monthly ticket (35.00 EUR). A one-way ticket is valid for 75 minutes, unlimited transfers. The first time you use your ticket, the machine stamps a date and a time on it, so you will know exactly when your ticket expires.


Most sites have extremely long lines, so you will need to book in advance (maybe a week in advance) for the sites that you want to visit. When booking online, you will usually be charged an online sales fee of 4 – 6 EUR per person. That’s normal, don’t worry about it. Be very careful, however, that you are actually booking your tickets from the official website. It’s tricky. Many websites claim to be “official”, but they are not. Here’s a list of official sites from the places I’ve visited:

  • St. Peter’s Basilica

Church admission is free but dome admission is 5-7 EUR. The church is open from 7.00 – 17.00 (April – September) and 7.00 – 18.00 (October – March) while the dome is open from 8.00 – 16.00. The line for the church is LONG, and you might be tempted to get a 3rd part skip-the-line ticket. But if you have time and patience, fall in line after lunch, anytime from 1pm – 3pm. The line won’t be as long as the morning lines. I lined up at around 3pm and got in within 30 minutes. Once you get past security, head directly to the dome. You can explore the church at leisure after the dome. There are paid audio guides available inside the church, if you’re interested in that . 🙂

There are two options for the dome. You can either climb 551 steps for 5 EUR or take the lift and then climb 320 steps for 7 EUR. If you book a 3rd party skip-the-line ticket, you might be paying somewhere between 30 – 40 EUR.


St. Peter’s Basilica. The long line is to my right (in the photo).


Michelangelo’s Pietà. Do not miss this at St. Peter’s Basilica. When you enter the church, it will be on your right.

The Vatican Museum ticket can be booked online for 16 EUR (+4 EUR online sales fee) using the Vatican Museum link I provided above. It’s huge, so be very conscious of how you are spending your time. You can spend an entire day in the museum and not run out of things to see. If, however, you’re mainly there see the Sistine Chapel, be aware that the Sistine Chapel is near the end of the museum tour route. And, if I were to be perfectly honest, the only interesting thing after the Sistine Chapel is the relic of the true cross.

The Vatican Museum has an audio guide for 7 EUR. They don’t provide earphones, so if you don’t want to hold the audio guide right next to your ear all the time, make sure to bring your own earphones. TIP: the audio guide has two earphone jack outlets, so if you have two sets of earphones, you can share the guide with a family member or friend. 🙂


The famous spiral staircase. You’ll see this when you exit the museum.

  • Papal Audience

Getting an audience with the pope is free, but you will have to book a ticket in advance. To do so, you can call +39 06 6988 3114 and +39 06 6988 4631, or fax +39 06 6988 5863. The office of the Prefecture of the Papal Household, which is in charge of issuing tickets, is open from 9.00 – 13.00 on Mondays and 9.00 – 18.00 on Tuesdays. My advice: call. Load up your Skype account and call, because if you don’t a 3rd party skip-the-line ticket will cost you 25 – 30 EUR.

There is only one ticket for the Colosseum, Forum and Palatine Hill. Tickets cost 12 EUR (+2 EUR online sales fee) and are valid for 2 days (but you can only enter each place once). You can book the tickets online using the link I provided above. Every first Sunday of the month, admission is free and is on a first come, first served basis.


Roman Colosseum

  • Pantheon

The Pantheon admission is free, and is open from 9.00 – 18.30 from Monday to Saturday and from 9.00 – 13.00 on Sunday. DO NOT book a skip-the-line ticket. First, because it’s free. Second, because there really isn’t much of a line and the line moves fast. Third, because there’s really not much to see inside. Inside is a big dome and several chapels. If you’re looking to book something, maybe a guided tour of the Spanish Steps, Pantheon, Trevi Fountain, Colosseum, and Forum would be money better spent than a skip-the-line ticket.


Entrance is free and is on the right (when facing building).

  • Basilica of St. John Lateran

Although this is the papal seat, it’s not as famous as St. Peter’s Basilica. There is no line. Do not buy a ticket whatsoever, unless you want a guided tour. Near the Basilica of St. John Lateran are the Holy Steps, the steps Jesus used when he was brought to face Pontius Pilate. Admission is also free. If you want to go up the stairs, you have to ascend it on your knees.

Basilica of St. John Lateran is open daily from 7.00 – 19.00 during the summer and 7.00 to 18.00 in the winter. The Holy Stairs is open daily from 6.30 – 19.00 during the summer and 6.30 to 18.30 during the winter. It’s good to visit it early though because sometimes they close early for one reason or the other.


Facade of the Basilica of St. John Lateran


Holy Steps


It’s hard to go wrong with food in Italy. Eat as much as you can! And try out as many new things as possible. But be careful. My Italian friend warned me to never eat at trattorias and osterias in the city because they’re usually tourist traps. And many of them are! On my first day in Italy (not in Rome), I decided to not follow my friend’s advice and eat at a trattoria. I ended up paying a whopping 50 EUR for an antipasto, 2 primi and a 1/2 liter of wine. If I ate like this everyday for 10 days, I’d be broke before my Italian holiday finished!

A sandwich usually costs 5 – 8 EUR and would definitely fill you up for lunch. *yes, I know Asian friends, no rice for lunch* An entire pizza usually costs 6-10 EUR. You should definitely eat a pizza in Rome, at least once. Order the basic, traditional pizza – the Margherita – and you won’t regret it. Plus, since it’s basic, it’ll be the cheapest pizza on the menu. 😉 If you’re into the slow-food movement, drop by Eataly and learn where your food is from. For local food places that won’t break the bank, try Podere Rosa (outskirts of Rome), Franchi Gastronomia (walking distance from Vatican City), and Ristorante Colosseo Luzzi (near the Colosseum). A meal from these food places costs 5 – 8 EUR. Podere Rosa is a pizza place but also serves other Italian dishes. Franchi Gastronomia is a small corner shop that has food items you can point at and order. You can also have them make you a sandwich. Ristorante Coloseo Luzzi is a sit-down restaurant that serves all kinds of Italian food – pasta, pizza, etc.


A Margherita. 🙂


Make your own sandwich at Franchi Gastronomia

When you eat at sit-down places, the waiter will keep asking you if you want to order natural water. Don’t order it. It’s expensive. Always bring with you a water bottle filled with water. Italian water from the tap is drinkable. When asked what to order, order wine instead. Wine is just as costly (sometimes even cheaper) than water, and oh boy, it is soooo good! 🙂 Ordering wine in Italy is a bit weird though. I’m used to ordering wine by the glass, but in Italy, you order by the volume: 1/4, 1/2, or 1 liter. A 1/4 liter of wine is enough for two people who are not used to drinking wine all the time with their meals. 1/2 makes for a more happier shared wine. Take note, restaurants usually levy a 3 – 5 EUR service charge per person. And of course, you are not obliged to tip. In fact, don’t tip at all.

I hope I’ve un-confused Rome and Vatican City. If you have any questions, feel free to write a note or comment below. Enjoy your vacation! 🙂

April 9, 2017 | Rome, Italy

Milano Centrale

A friend of mine who has been living in Italy for some time told me that it’s best to be 30 minutes early for your train, especially since tickets are nonrefundable and train platforms can change without much information. And so, being the obedient travelers we are, we had lunch at the central station 2 hours before our scheduled departure. After lunch, we shopped at the nearby grocery store for food and drinks we could carry aboard the train, went up to where the train platforms were, and waited for our platform to be shown on the screen.

It wasn’t complicated, and I’m glad we came early. We did not rush, and we were confident that we weren’t getting left behind. We found seats in front of the screen, so we were able to see when our platform number became available.

Milano Centrale is one of the prettiest train stations I’ve ever been to, and getting to the station early afforded me the time to snap a few photos here and there. The main arrival hall has high ceilings that were apparently patterned after the Union Station in Washington DC. Milano Centrale has 24 platforms, serving 300,000 passengers every day. The building was inaugurated in 1931.


Milano Centrale Arrival Hall


The other half of the massive arrival hall

April 03, 2017 | Venice, Italy

Landed in Milan!

Our first day of being in Italy for the first time went off without a major hitch! We’ve capped off a long day of walking in Milan with a nice meal from Trattoria Toscana di Giovanni. The food was delicioso, but *oh boy* our bill burned a hole in our pockets. And here I was thinking Copenhagen food was costly! Maybe we just need to explore Milan some more to discover the delicious, cheap food places.


Spaghetti di Vongole at Trattoria Toscana di Giovanni


Risotto at Trattoria Toscana di Giovanni


A huge cheese that costs 6 EURs per person!!!

We arrived today on a RyanAir flight from Copenhagen to Milan Bergamo. From Milan Bergamo, we took an autobus for 5 EUR to Milan. It was a quick bus ride that delivered us to Milano Centrale where we walked for less than 10 minutes to our hotel. After checking-in and unpacking a bit, we walked past Castello Sforzesco on the way to see if our puppy dog eyes can get entrance tickets to see Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper at Santa Maria delle Grazie. We weren’t counting on it, but thought that there was no harm in trying. Lucky us, we got free tickets for a late afternoon viewing!!! This definitely made it to the best thing that had happened today. And so, while we waited for our turn to see the Last Supper, we decided to explore the surrounding areas. We visited the Basilica romana minore collegiata abbaziale prepositurale di Sant’Ambrogio, saw the corpse of St. Ambrose and gazed upon several frescos. We also dropped by and admired the façade of the Italian Stock Exchange and giggled at the interesting looking sculpture at Piazza Affari. From there, we walked to the Duomo di Milano, admired the architecture, took lots of photo and then started walking back to Santa Maria delle Grazie. We would not want to miss this sought-after opportunity to gaze upon da Vinci’s much copied work.


One of the gates of Castello Sforzesco


Inside the castle courtyard


Impressive Santa Maria delle Grazie


We got free admission tickets to the the Last Supper (because it was Sunday!)


Inside Santa Maria delle Grazie


Dream come true! Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper


St. Ambrose at the ancient Basilica Martyrum


The beautiful Duomo di Milano


Hell yah! 🙂

April 02, 2017 | Milan, Italy

5 Things I Miss About Living in Hawai’i

July 2010, at the US Embassy in the Philippines.

Visa Officer: So, you’re moving to Hawai’i to do a PhD? How long?
Me: 5 years. Hopefully less.

I felt dread. I was moving, ALONE, to a place I’d never been to before and where I knew no one. It took all the courage in me not to tell the officer to reject my application for an F-1 Visa. But I knew that if I wanted to finish my PhD, I had to get it outside the Philippines. I had with me an acceptance letter and a funding source for at least 2 years. I had to do this.

Unbeknownst to me, Hawai’i would turn out to be one of the best experiences I’d have (and will probably ever have) in my life. I found a place among friends. I called myself kama’aina, of the land. I had a state ID, I wore slippahs and shorts to school, and I loved my beach dresses. I enjoyed mai tai and I was addicted to lava flow. I would walk 40 minutes to the beach, swim for 20 minutes, watch the sunset and walk back home. I’m not a big coffee drinker, but I thoroughly enjoy drinking Kona coffee. I crave for poke, laulau, and malasadas. I cannot remember a time I was happier than the years I’d spent on island.  Now, almost 7 years since I first stepped foot on the island of O’ahu and almost 2 years since I went off island to take a postdoctoral researcher position in Denmark, I cannot help but yearn for the life I used to have. True, the island was LITERALLY in the middle of nowhere and it took 6 hours to fly to California; O’ahu was so small you could drive around it in half a day; and there were no cheap, no frills flights to other islands, but when you had almost everything that you needed, so what? I could stare at the ridges of the Ko’olau Range for the rest of my life and never get over how breathtaking it is, especially when it rains and the ridges become small waterfalls. *insert happy sigh here*

So, from someone who has spent the happiest 5 years of her life on the island of O’ahu, in the state of Hawai’i, here are the top 5 things I miss about the life I used to have. If you ever find yourself on island, remember these 5 things:

5. Rainbows

Hawai’i is not called the Rainbow State for nothing. Unless you’re cooped up in your room the entire time, it’s impossible to not see a rainbow (or a double rainbow). I saw a triple rainbow in Hawai’i a couple of times in Hawaii. I used to think that triple rainbows were such a wonderful, miraculous thing until a friend told me that every time you see a rainbow, there are actually an infinite number of rainbows there. I still think they are wonderful and miraculous, but I’ve accepted the tripleness as a fact. I no longer open my mouth wide enough for a fly to go in. But oh, rainbows make the most dreary of views rather amazing.

4. Sea, Sun and Sand

Who can deny the call of the sea? I know I cannot. 7 years ago, I thought the beaches of Hawai’i wouldn’t be so interesting to me since I came from a country with 7,107 islands. (NB: In the Philippines, you pay to access a nicely kept beach). There are white sand beaches, pitch black sand beaches, green sand beaches, red sand beaches, and beaches in areas that that used to be volcanic craters. The view can be breathtaking. When the surf is good, people surf. When the waters are calm, people take out their paddle boards. There are sunset dinner cruises, pirate ship cruise adventures, and submarine adventures. I enjoyed snorkeling and scuba diving, ogling at those large, delicious looking fishes. I loved lying on the beach under the afternoon sun, and feeling the sand between my toes. The best sunsets I’d ever seen I saw in Hawai’i. On Friday nights, I enjoyed the beach fireworks from behind the coconut trees.

3. Diversity

I’d never met so many people from so many different backgrounds until I lived in Hawai’i. In the graduate students’ dormitory where I lived in, I cooked and shared food with, conversed with, and kept in touch with individuals from over 100 different countries. It’s funny how, after staying on an island in the middle of nowhere, I can now say that I have a friend in EVERY country in Asia, North America, South America, and in many countries outside Asia. I like how welcoming Hawai’i is of individuals with different backgrounds. I am amazed at how individuals are culturally interested and sensitive. I like that I can just be myself in Hawai’i.

Because Hawai’i is so culturally diverse, the food choices are also very diverse. I might enjoy a locomoco for breakfast, a dimsum for brunch, a bibimbap for for lunch, sushi and shave ice for midday snack, and a pho for dinner. *Yes, I eat a lot. Don’t judge!* The most preferred way of spending time with friends is over food, with a potluck, where every person brings a cuisine his or her country specializes in. My taste buds were happy in Hawai’i, and my heart was content.

2. Mountains and Hiking

There are two mountain ranges in O’ahu: the Wai’anae Range to the west and the Ko’olau Range to the east. They are equally picturesque; although if I were to be perfectly honest, I would say I find the Ko’olau Range the more breathtaking of the two. In fact, one of my favorite past times in O’ahu was driving through the Pali and enjoying the view of the Ko’olau.

I also enjoyed “conquering mountains”, which came as a surprise to me because I was never really fond of hiking when I was in the Philippines. It was too hot, I didn’t have the proper outfit, and large proportion of the population was obsessed with getting paler. But in Hawai’i, I didn’t care. I liked that I was getting exercise while being one with nature, and enjoying it. I was getting darker, but I no longer cared. I loved hiking. I especially loved rainforests hikes, which either took me up on mountain tops or to some hidden waterfall with a swimming hole.

1. Aloha

And, of course, Aloha. Aloha is what makes Hawaii the best place to live in on the planet (my opinion). I miss the friendliness and the welcomeness. I miss the sense of belonging. I miss the community. I miss the spirit of Hawai’i: island life, friendly, courteous, respectful, compassionate, affectionate. I miss the hula and the Hawaiian chants. I miss hearing Hawaiian words being spoken and sung.

So friends, when you’re on island, please remember me. And send some aloha my way. I am thinking of you, and of Hawai’i, always.

March 19, 2017 | Copenhagen, Denmark

First Time Baltic

It seems like most of the travel I’ve been doing lately are spur of the moment. I see a cheap fare, I buy it for the cheapest dates, I put it aside until a week before I travel, and then I start going crazy researching for accommodations, important sights to see, and must-try food places.

This month, I’m taking a break from traveling abroad to collect my thoughts and write blogs, to possibly explore my current country of residence more, and because 2 groups of friends are visiting in late March. Just thinking of all the things I need to accomplish in March makes me wish it was April already. Too many extra-curricular activities, and I know I really need to work on getting papers published if I want a shot at keeping this lifestyle I currently have.

Last month though, I had an amazing time in Kaunas, Lithuania. It’s my first Baltic country and I did not really know what to expect. Unlike hyped up western European countries, there was nothing that I knew of Kaunas off the top of my head, except that it was once part of the Soviet Union. So, like the good researcher that I am – a few weeks after buying a spur of the moment ticket for Andrew and I to Kaunas – I went online and googled for places to see and places to eat in Kaunas. I told Andrew it was going to be a relaxing vacation, as opposed to a hectic touristy vacation. And just like the seasoned travelers that we are, we packed our bags, took a train to the Copenhagen airport, and waited for our flight to Kaunas.

The mood was dreary when we first landed. The sky was overcast, there was a slight drizzle, and it was cold. Since it was a RyanAir flight, we had to walk for a few minutes to the main airport building after disembarking from the plane. The Kaunas International Airport (KUN) was small and vaguely reminiscent of the airport I landed at in Bishkek, except I didn’t need to go through immigration.

Since Andrew and I did not have any checked baggage, we headed straight to the bus terminal. Airport buses that take you from the airport to the city center run daily. They have buses for the earliest flight out of Kaunas and for the latest flight into Kaunas. I find it quite amazing that they have this. A single journey bus ride, no matter how long, costs 0.80 EUR. For those who want to travel conveniently (although, I don’t see how traveling by bus in Kaunas is inconvenient!), there are cabs available right outside the arrival exit. Normally, a cab from the airport to the city center costs 15 EUR. Make sure the meter is flagged before the cab goes. Or, if the cab driver refuses to use the meter, make sure you negotiate your fare +/- the average cost to the city center.

We stayed at Hotel Ibis Kaunas. It was less than 50EUR per night with free breakfast for two people, 10 minutes walk from Akropolis (the big shopping center), and 30 minutes walk from the city center. The Kaunas old town is 45 minutes walk from our hotel, but one can easily take a bus for 0.80 EUR. There is a bus stop right beside the hotel that takes you to the city center, the old town or back to the airport.

Since our trip was a relaxing vacation, we decided NOT to leave the city of Kaunas (although we could have very easily taken a train to Vilnius or a bus to either the Hill of Crosses or the Curonian Spit). We stayed in on the day we arrived and on our third day, consuming our free breakfast and either ordering room service or walking to Akropolis and getting take out. We visited the city center and the old town on our second and fourth days. We left very early on the morning (as in, freakin’ 3:45am bus ride to the airport!!!) of our fifth day.

Our second day started off with a lunch at Berneliu Smuklė at the city center. Berneliu Smuklė is a highly-recommended restaurant chain that serves traditional Lithuanian cuisine with servers dressed in traditional Lithuanian dresses (sorry, I don’t remember seeing male servers). I ordered a Kiaulienos Išpjovos Kepsnys Su Traškia Skrudinta Rûkytos Šoninės Plutele (Barbeque Sauce Glazed Bacon Wrapped Pork Tenderloin) for 6.90 EUR while Andrew ordered a rabbit stew (Smetoniškai paruoštas triušienos troškinys). Both were delicious and filled us to the brim. I was so full that I just wanted to go back to the hotel to sleep. I should have recalled this feeling for dinner that day. We had dinner at Medziotojai at the old town. The restaurant was decorated like a hunter’s lodge. Inspired by the decor, Andrew and I ordered a meat cocktail and a beer each and surprisingly, paid less than 20 EUR. At the end of the meal, suffice to say we decided to walk back to our hotel that night, intent on burning all the food we binged on.

We walked most of the day too. After lunch, we walked to the nearby garrison church of Kaunas, St. Michael the Archangel’s. It was fascinating to be in a Roman Byzantine style church built in the 1890’s and used as a Russian Orthodox garrison. The church has also been used as an art gallery and is now used as a Roman Catholic Church. St. Michael the Archangel marks the start (or the end, however you look at it) of the Laisvės alėja, one of the longest pedestrian streets in Eastern Europe. The street is lined with shops on the both sides and trees in the middle. Charming. Picturesque.

So we walked the entire stretch of the street, entering interesting shops every now and then while Andrew repeatedly asked where all the people were. Kaunas, during the time we were there, was a sleepy town. Even though most stores were open, we hardly saw people out and about.

We visited the Devil’s Museum, unique for its collection of art pieces and home furnishings with depictions of the devil. A block away from the museum was the Žaliakalnio funikulierius, an old funicular that takes you up to the Christ’s Resurrection Church where you can pay to go up to the terrace and get a lovely view of Kaunas. All worth it. 0.50 EUR for each funicular ride and 2.50 EUR to go up to the terrace using the elevator (cheaper if you take the stairs :p).

We also walked through old town’s Vilniaus Gatvė, an old medieval road that used to be all wood and later replaced by red bricks. Very charming, with its cobblestones and quaint houses. On the street is the Kaunas Basilica Cathedral built in the 1400s. It’s the largest Gothic structure in Lithuania and the only church built with a basilica floor structure. It’s intricate and amazing; maybe even awe-inspiring.

Our fourth day was spent visiting Kaunas castle and the House of Perkūnas. Both were interesting places. I can imagine how charming Kaunas used to be before all the houses were burned down. Too bad. I wish all of that got preserved. 🙂

On our fourth day, we also unintentionally rode the wrong bus from our hotel and ended up doing a city tour. Tired, after our unplanned escapade, we decided to eat a very late lunch at a Chinese restaurant and dinner take out from Akropolis. Akropolis is an amazing mall. The grocery store is flooded with all sorts of Lithuanian chocolate sold by weight. It also has cooked food and more grocery choices than Denmark will ever have!

Now, back in Copenhagen, this is what I have to say of Kaunas: sleepy, charming, very very cheap, friendly people, good service, great public transportation. I will definitely want to come back again. 🙂

March 05, 2017 | Copenhagen, Denmark

Morocco on a Shoestring

I’m finally feeling better. At least, better enough to write a blog entry. It’s been a tough 2 months to say the least. It started out with a conference in Norway, followed by a teaching stint in Kyrgyzstan, a 4-city trip in Morocco, and a 3-city trip in Turkey. Before leaving for Morocco, I had guests in Copenhagen that I felt only right to show around. I have not been in the office for a month and a half since the crazy travels started. I miss working.

Three weeks ago, Andrew and I spent 5 full days in Morocco visiting Casablanca, Fes, Chefchaouen, and Marrakech. It was hectic. We spent one full day in each of these cities and almost a day (in sum) of traveling. It might not look like it in the map, but the distance between cities is huge and it takes a least 3-4 hours to get from one city to another.

We were supposed to meet up with two of my college friends and then go to Turkey together, but that did not happen. While they decided to do a 6-day Private Tour via Morocco Sahara Holiday for 549 EUR (582.60 USD) per person (check out their tour here), we decided to keep our budget within 500 USD for two people (250 USD per person). And surprise, surprise (or maybe not :p), it worked +/- a few dollars! We pre-booked our hotels using Expedia, ate local cuisine, and took public transportation. It was an amazing experience that did not leave a gaping hole in our wallets. We got to interact with the locals and saw how Moroccans are in Morocco. Public transportation was quite comfortable. Comfortable enough that if I had an option between sitting in a car or sitting in a train to get from one Moroccan city to the next, I’d sit in a train. Trains allowed me to walk around and stretch my legs. Rest rooms were available, food and drinks were carted off every so often, and seats can be transformed to beds when traveling after rush hour (For more information on traveling in Morocco, check out my blog entry on Moroccan commute).

Our first city for the trip was Fes. It’s the second largest city in Morocco and was the capital city of modern Morocco until 1925. To get there from the Casablanca Mohammed V International Airport (Station: Aeroport Med V), we took a train from the airport to Casablanca (Station: Casa Voyageurs) and from Casa Voyageurs to Fes (Station: Fes). Since the trip from airport to Casablanca only took 30 minutes, we decided to buy second class train tickets. It was not bad. There were no reserved seats and just one big space at one end of the compartment to store bags, but the seats were comfortable and there was enough space for everyone’s bags. The travel from Casablanca to Fes, on the other hand, was a different story. The trip was estimated to take 3-4 hours. So we decided to buy first class train tickets. We were so happy we did since, for reasons we cannot fully understand (because they were in French), the train took 6 hours to get from Casablanca to Fes.



Upon arriving in Fes, we needed to get to our from the train station to the medina (the old town, city center) and find Dar Al Ouali, our hotel in Fes booked via Expedia. We took a cab, haggled it down to 20 MAD. The cab driver agreed but asked us if he could pick up one other passenger. That did not sound so bad for us, so we agreed. He never found that one  other passenger.

With Google Maps on our smartphones, it was not difficult to find our hotel. It was crazy inside the medina. The streets were narrow, souks lined the streets, and there were people everywhere! My first impression of it was a very colorful, very lively, and slightly more organized version of Divisoria in the Philippines. The Moroccan lamps were eye-catching, the leather jackets hung like they were not genuine leather, and stomach growled to the smell of tangine and couscous.

When we arrived at the hotel, we were met by a receptionist who knew very little English. She called the hotel owner and it was him who checked us in. The hotel is a riad, a traditional Moroccan house with a garden or a courtyard. The courtyard was the size of a normal living room. There were four floors and a rooftop room that guests can use to hangout. Our room was on the second floor (thank goodness for that, because the staircase was pretty narrow). We had a double sized bed, a ensuite shower area with toilet, airconditioning, free towels, and a small TV. Half the room was carpeted, and the carpet looked old. Other than that, and especially for the price that we paid for it, it was not bad. And it came with a traditional Moroccan breakfast, which was one of the things I have learned to look forward to in Morocco. Breakfast was amazing. 🙂

The hotel owner, recommended that we eat at Restaurant Salon de thé Hiba Chez Hakim (or Restaurant Hakim, for short). It is his favorite restaurant in the medina. Since the owner knows him, he asked us to mention his name so that we get treated well. And so, like the obedient tourists that we were, we went there, mentioned his name, and yes, we were treated well. Andrew and I both ordered the tangine set menu with Moroccan mint tea, and we both loved it (enough to return to the restaurant at another day). I should say that one should NEVER leave Fes without having a tangine and a cactus fruit.


The hotel owner also recommended that we rent a tour guide for 3 hours for 200 MAD. The tour guide was local and trained by the state, so he should be knowledgeable. He also should not try to rip us off. What we were NOT told, however, was that the tour guide does not keep time and if we exceed 3 hours of touring, we get charged 500 MAD (for a 5-hour tour). Our tour guide was pretty good. He showed us the architecture in the Fes medina, described the history and what the government is doing to preserve that. He took us to the famous mosques, explained what made them famous and willingly took our photos. We went to the tanneries, the carpet maker, the cactus scarf maker, the carpenter, an embroidery shop, and the argan oil maker. In each of these places, someone would explain how the good was created and then showed us samples of finished products. I especially enjoyed the visit to the carpet maker. The owner was very warm and welcoming. He served us tea, had us sit down and rolled carpets in front of us while explaining the difference between carpets. We then get to decide (by swiping our hands back and forth) whether we want to keep or reject a carpet, just like they do in the movies. After the tour, our guide brought us to an extravagant looking restaurant for lunch. We enjoyed the views but not the prices. After lunch, he picked us up from the restaurant and brought us back to our hotel. It was only when we got to our hotel that he asked for additional money because they tour went beyond 3 hours. Since we were unwilling to give him 500 MAD, we agreed on 250 MAD.


NOTE: We tried buying leather jackets. They’re more expensive near the tanneries. The one from the tannery started at 8000 MAD while the one just beside our hotel started at 800 MAD. The one from the tannery was made of camel skin but the lining was not very well done. The one near our hotel was made of sheep skin but the lining was very good. According to online guides to haggling, you should start at 1/4 of the opening price. So if the opening price is 800 MAD, you should counter with 200 MAD. Very slowly go up (slower than the salesperson). Ideally, you should end up at either 1/3 or 1/2 the opening price.


Chefchaouen is my favorite city in Morocco. Since it was at the foot of the Rif mountains, the weather was cool. To get there from Fes, we had to take a cab from the medina to the CTM bus station. The day before we were scheduled to leave for Chefchaouen, we had our hotel owner buy us tickets for CTM, to reserve our seats. At the CTM bus station, we checked in our luggages (I think it was 5 MAD per bag). The bus stopped halfway to Chefchaouen for lunch and a toilet break. The lunch place only accepts cash, which, unfortunately for us, we did not have enough of. Good thing we came prepared with sandwiches of our own and a couple of bread that we packed from last night’s dinner.

We stayed at the extremely charming Casa Annasr, just 5 minutes walk from the CTM bus station. From Casa Annasr, we had to walk uphill for 20-30 minutes to get to the medina. Breakfast was not free and cost 50 MAD per person. Our hotel room was amazing. The bed was comfortable and the ensuite bathroom was squeaky clean. In fact, our rooms look like it was newly renovated. The hotel is owned by a family: 2 brothers (we assume). The older brother is bossy and short tempered, but the younger brother is very friendly and accommodating.

The medina in Chefchaouen was blueeeeeee, and we spent most of our day walking and exploring and looking at what the souks had to offer. It was lovely and relaxing. We had lunch at Sindibad Restaurant (which had pretty good desserts!) and dinner at Aladdin Restaurant. The latter is highly, highly recommended. It’s a bit pricey for a Moroccan meal, but the food is delicious (and servings are huge), the view is amazing, and the ambiance is great. Right before dinner, we went inside the Kasbah Museum which only opened at 3pm (Opening Hours: 9-12, 15-18.30). There’s really nothing much there, except a breathtaking view of the medina from the tower. For that, it is worth the wait. 🙂



From Chefchaouen, we took the Supratours bus to Souk el-Arbaa and then the ONCF train from Souk el-Arbaa to Casablanca and then from Casablanca to Marrakech. It was a long day of mostly traveling. We left Chefchaouen around noon and arrived in Marrakech very late in the evening. Our train to Casablanca was delayed and we thought we would not make it to Marrakech. It turns out the train to Marrakech waited for us.

Upon arriving in Marrakech, we again took a cab to the medina. We were staying at another riad called Hotel Riad Dar Tuscia. The hotel was nice and breakfast was free. This was our most costly hotel, and I could already feel some sort of foreboding for the next day, when we tour the city. Marrakech was a city like many cities. The souks were organized into categories, the items were costlier (compared to Fes), and the salespeople were meaner. We visited a couple places of interest and rode a camel. Lunch was at Jemaa El Fna. Food was not exceptional, and it was expensive. I did enjoy (and highly recommend), drinking a fresh orange juice from one of the fruit stands. It was heaven! Just perfect for the hot summer weather.



Our last stop was Casablanca. By then we were extremely exhausted from all the traveling. It was not fun to travel through desert sands so much. If I were to do this trip again, I’d pick 2-3 cities and stay longer in each city. If I had a longer time in Fes, I would have loved to explore the souks some more (and maybe eat more cactus fruits). If I had a longer time in Chefchaouen, I would have liked to see the waterfalls that everyone is raving about.

We stayed at Manzil Hotel. Also booked using Expedia. In fact, all our hotels and flights were booked via Expedia while all bus and train tickets were bought in Morocco. Manzil Hotel was in an industrial zone. It was near the train station though, so it was easy to find it. Rooms were clean and spacious. Breakfast was not free. We didn’t really get to see much of Casablanca. By this time, we were so exhausted all we wanted to do was go home. I do recommend seeing the largest mosque in Africa, Hassan II Mosque.

This is what I have to say at the end of the trip: it was fun, but extremely exhausting. I’m pretty sure our friends who travelled to more cities that we did are more exhausted. Here’s a summary of our expenses. Not bad, eh? You can download our full itinerary here. If you have questions, holler! 😀

Item Description MAD USD
Breakfast 2 days 200 20
Lunch 5 days 470 47
Dinner 5 days 590 59
Fes Hotel: 2 nights 532.4 53.24
Chefchaouen Hotel: 2 nights 819.4 81.94
Marrakech Hotel: 2 nights 283.6 28.36
Casablanca Hotel: 2 nights 488.7 48.87
Tavel: Airport to Casablanca 42 4.2
Travel: Casablanca to Fes 348 34.8
Travel: Fes to Chechaouen 150 15
Travel: Chefchaouen to Marrakech 610 61
Travel: Marrakech to Casablanca 296 29.6
Travel: Casablanca to Airport 42 4.2
Fes Cab 40 4
Marrakech Cab 40 4
Casablanca Cab 40 4
Tour Guide Fes 250 25
TOTAL 5242.1 MAD 524.21 USD
Notes: Items in red are the actual amounts.

First written: November 22, 2016 | Published: December 18, 2016 | Copenhagen, Denmark

Moroccan Commute

I’ve been in Morocco for 3 days now and I’m halfway through my Moroccan trip. I should by now be able to say something about commuting in Morocco. It was something I was very afraid of. Other than “merci” and “bonjour”, I have absolutely forgotten everything I’ve learned from previous French classes. I also know no Arabic, and acting out what I need is not my best talent. But I’m pleasantly surprised that everyone in Morocco can speak enough English for tourists like me and my husband to get by. We’ve had no problems buying train and bus tickets; we’ve had no problems checking in at hotels we’ve booked online; and we’ve had no problems ordering food from restaurants (although acting out what we want + Google translate did make life easier for all parties involved).

We arrived at the Mohammad V Airport in Casablanca from Paris, France. Since we did not have any checked-in baggage, we headed directly towards the exit after immigration. Upon exiting, we found a pseudo-information booth that gave free INWI sim cards. The sim cards are preloaded with some text, call and 250MB worth of data. Since neither our Danish nor US mobile phone lines have free sms, call or data in Morocco, these free sim cards are lifesavers. It has allowed us to access Google Translate and Google Maps while on the go.

There were two immediate things that we needed to find upon arrival: an ATM and the place to buy train tickets (trains in Morocco are called ONCF). We needed tickets from the airport to Casablanca and Casablanca to Fes since Fes was our first stop and Casablanca our last.  So, we asked help from one of the airport security personnel who told us that the nearest ATM was beside a coffee shop, on the way to where the trains are. There were, in fact, two ATMs beside the said coffee shop and both worked well (except that one ran out of money when we were there). The ticketing office, on the other hand, was just right at the entrance of where the train platforms are. The salesperson speaks English, and although he gave us the wrong train time for our Casablanca to Fes trip, the guys in Casablanca were able to fix our tickets.

The difference between a first class and a second class train ticket in terms of amenities is really not much. In first class, you get reserved seating and you are placed in a compartment of 6 with overhead luggage storage. The seats are wider and there is more leg room. In second class, seats are on a first come first serve basis. Luggages can be stored a designated corner in each wagon. The seats are arranged much like the seats on busses and airplanes; so not that much leg room. In both classes, there is AC, the seats are comfortable and eating and drinking are allowed.

From Fes, we traveled through the desert by CTM bus to Chefchaouen for 4 hours. There was 25-minute lunch and toilet break after 2 hours of travel. Our bus tickets were reserved by our the manager of the riad we stayed in at Fes. We were initially thinking of just getting it ourselves the day before, but our manager offered to have his friend get it for us as long as we pay the friend’s taxi fare. The taxi fare was 40 MAD roundtrip (around 4 USD). Not a terrible price, so we agreed.

In two days time, we will be traveling by Supratours bus for 10 hours to Marrakech and then from Marrakech, a train ride back to Casablanca. So far, getting hold of tickets and the ride itself has not posed any problems for us. Hopefully this stroke of good luck continues.

November 1, 2016 | Chefchaouen, Morocco